Drinking water quality in Chad


Guy Tadoum numerongar

Access to safe drinking water is a major challenge in Chad. According to UNICEF data, in 2019, only 42% of the population had access to safe drinking water.

Challenges to access to drinking water in Chad:

  • Lack of infrastructure: The drinking water distribution network is poorly developed, especially in rural areas.
  • Poverty: Households cannot always afford to pay for drinking water or sanitation facilities.
  • Contamination of water sources: Surface water is often polluted by human activities and groundwater can be contaminated by nitrates and arsenic.
  • Climate change: Drought and desertification are reducing water availability.

Consequences of poor water quality:

  • Diseases: Consuming contaminated water can cause diarrhoeal diseases, cholera, typhoid and other serious illnesses.
  • Malnutrition: Diarrhoeal diseases can lead to malnutrition, especially in children.
  • Lack of schooling: Sick children cannot go to school.
  • Loss of productivity: Sick adults cannot work.

Efforts to improve water quality in Chad:

  • Infrastructure construction: The Chadian government and its partners are building boreholes, water pumps and drinking water distribution networks.
  • Awareness raising: Awareness campaigns are being conducted to inform populations about the importance of hygiene and sanitation.
  • Water treatment: Water treatment programs are being implemented to make safe drinking water accessible to all.

Access to quality drinking water is a fundamental human right. It is essential to improve health, education and economic development in Chad.

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